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水饺的由来和演变历史你知道吗?

来源:http://www.roudingxiangshuijiao.com 日期:2020-05-18

饺子是一种历史悠久的民间吃食,深受老百姓的欢迎,民间有“好吃不过饺子”的俗话。每逢新年佳节,饺子更成为一种应时不行短少的好菜。接下来小编就给大家说说饺子的历史。
Dumpling is a kind of folk food with a long history, which is very popular among the people. There is a folk saying that "delicious dumplings are not good enough". Every new year's day, dumplings become a good dish that should not be short. Next, Xiaobian will tell you about the history of dumplings.
饺子的演变历史
The evolution history of dumplings
据三国魏人张揖著的《广雅》记载那时已有形如月牙称为“馄饨”的食物,和现在的饺子形状基本类似。到南北朝时,馄饨“形如偃月,天下通食”。据推测,那时的饺子煮熟今后,不是捞出来独自吃,而是和汤一同盛在碗里混着吃,所以当时的人们把饺子叫“馄饨”。这种吃法在我国的一些地区依然盛行,如河南、陕西等地的人吃饺子,要在汤里放些香菜、葱花、虾皮、韭菜等小料。
According to "Guangya" written by Zhang Yizhu, a man from the Wei Dynasty of the Three Kingdoms, there was a kind of food called "wonton" which was shaped like a crescent moon at that time, basically similar to the shape of dumplings now. In the northern and Southern Dynasties, wonton was like the moon, and the world was full of food. It is speculated that when the dumplings are cooked, they will not be fished out and eaten alone, but will be served in a bowl together with the soup, so people at that time called the dumplings "wonton". This kind of eating method is still popular in some areas of China, such as Henan, Shaanxi and other places where people eat dumplings, they should put some parsley, onion, shrimp skin, leek and other small ingredients in the soup.
大约到了唐代,饺子已经变得和现在的饺子如出一辙,而且是捞出来放在盘子里独自吃。
About the Tang Dynasty, dumplings have become the same as today's dumplings, and are fished out and put on a plate to eat alone.
宋代称饺子为“角儿”,它是后世“饺子”一词的词源。这种写法,在这以后的元、明、清及民国间仍可见到。
In Song Dynasty, jiaozi was called "jiao'er". It is the etymology of the word "Jiaozi" in later generations. This kind of writing can still be seen in yuan, Ming, Qing and the Republic of China.
济南肉丁香水饺
元朝称饺子为“扁食”。明朝万历年间沈榜的《宛署杂记》记载:“元旦拜年,作匾食”。刘若愚的《酌中志》载:“初一日正旦节,吃水果点心,即匾食也”。元明朝“匾食”的“匾”,现在已通作“扁”。“扁食”一名,或许出自蒙古语。
The Yuan Dynasty called dumplings "flat food". "Wanshu miscellany" recorded by Shen Bang during Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty: "New Year's day, to make plaques and food.". Liu Ruoyu's "drink in the annals" contains: "the first day of the first day of the first day, eat fruit snacks, that is, board food also.". In the yuan and Ming Dynasties, the "plaques" of "plaques for food" have now become "flat". The name "Bian Shi" may come from Mongolian.
清朝时,出现了比如“饺儿”、“水点心”、“煮饽饽”等有关饺子的新的称谓。饺子名称的增多,说明其撒播的地域在不断扩大。
In the Qing Dynasty, there were new appellations for dumplings, such as "dumpling", "water snack", "boiled bun", etc. The increase of the names of dumplings shows that the area of spreading dumplings is expanding.
民间新年吃饺子的风俗在明清时已适当盛行。饺子一般要在年三十晚上12点曾经包好,待到半夜子时吃,这时正是农历正月初一的伊始,吃饺子取“更岁交子”之意,“子”为“子时”,交与“饺”谐音,有“喜庆团圆”和“吉祥满意”的意思。
The custom of eating dumplings in the new year has been popular in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Dumplings are usually wrapped at 12 o'clock on New Year's Eve and eaten at midnight. It is the beginning of the first day of the first lunar month. Eating dumplings takes the meaning of "more year-old Jiaozi", which means "Zishi". Jiaozi and "Jiaozi" are homophonic, which means "happy reunion" and "auspicious satisfaction".
关于饺子的传说
The legend of dumplings
饺子源于我国有2600多年历史,新年吃饺子有很多传说,一说是为了留念盘古氏开天辟地,结束了混状态,二是取其与“浑囤”的谐音,意为“粮食满囤”。
Dumplings originated from China's more than 2600 years of history. There are many legends about eating dumplings in the new year. First, it is to commemorate Pangu's opening up and ending the confusion. Second, it takes the homonym of "hundun", which means "full grain storage".
民间还撒播吃饺子的民俗话与女娲造人有关。女娲抟土造成人时,因为天寒地冻,黄土人的耳朵很容易冻掉,为了使耳朵能固定不掉,女娲在人的耳朵上扎一个小眼,用细线把耳朵拴住,线的另一端放在黄土人的嘴里咬着,这样才算把耳朵做好。老百姓为了留念女娲的功绩,就包起饺子来,用面捏成人耳朵的形状,内包有馅(线),用嘴咬吃。
The folk custom of eating dumplings is related to Nuwa's creation. When Nuwa kneaded the earth and made it into a man, it was very easy for the ears of the Loess people to freeze because of the cold weather. In order to keep the ears fixed, Nuwa pricked a small eye on the ears of the people, tied the ears with fine thread, and put the other end of the thread in the mouth of the Loess people to bite, so as to make the ears well. In order to commemorate Nuwa's achievements, the common people made dumplings, kneaded them into the shape of ears, wrapped with stuffing (thread), and ate them with their mouths.
还有的说法是,饺子源自“医圣”张仲景“冬至舍药”。东汉时期,南阳郡涅的张仲景,在长沙太守期间,见白河两岸同乡肌寒交迫,瘦骨嶙峋,不少人耳朵僵冻溃烂,心不能忍,辞官为民行医。冬天刚到,他让弟子在南阳东关搭棚支锅,把羊肉、辣椒和驱寒药材一锅同煮,熟后捞出切碎,用面皮包成耳朵状的“娇耳”再煮制成“祛寒娇耳汤”,每人每只娇耳一碗汤服后周身血液上涌,两耳发热,寒气顿消。冻耳很快治好。1700多年来世代承传,人们每年冬至包食娇耳以留念张仲景恩师。
It is also said that dumplings originated from the "doctor" Zhang Zhongjing "winter solstice medicine". During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhang Zhongjing of Nanyang County, during the period of the chief of the state of Changsha, saw his fellow countrymen on both sides of the White River suffering from cold muscles and jagged bones. Many of them were cold and festering in their ears. They could not bear it, so they resigned to practice medicine for the people. Just after winter arrived, he asked his disciples to set up a shed and set up a pot in Dongguan, Nanyang. They cooked mutton, pepper and herbs to dispel the cold together. When they were cooked, they fished them out and chopped them up. Then they wrapped them into ears like "jiao'er" and cooked them into "soup to dispel the cold and jiao'er". After each jiao'er took a bowl of soup, the blood flowed all over his body, and the two ears were hot and the cold air died down. The frozen ear was soon cured. For more than 1700 years, it has been passed down from generation to generation. People eat Jiaoer every winter solstice to remember Zhang Zhongjing's mentor.
新年吃饺子
Dumplings for the new year
饺子成为新年不行短少的节目食物,究其原因:一是饺子形如元宝,人们在新年吃饺子取“招财进宝”之音。二是饺子有馅,便于人们把各种吉祥的东西包到馅里,以寄予人们对新的一年的祈望。
Dumplings have become an indispensable part of the program food for the new year. The first reason is that dumplings are shaped like Yuanbao. People eat dumplings in the new year to make money. Second, dumplings have stuffing, which is convenient for people to pack all kinds of auspicious things into the stuffing, so as to express people's hope for the new year.
在包饺子时,人们常常将金满意、糖、花生、枣和栗子等包进馅里。吃到满意、吃到糖的人,来年的日子更香甜,吃到花生的人将健康长寿,吃到枣和栗子的人将早生贵子。
When making dumplings, people often pack gold satisfaction, sugar, peanuts, dates and chestnuts into the stuffing. Those who are satisfied with their food and sugar will enjoy a sweeter life next year. Those who eat peanuts will live a long and healthy life. Those who eat dates and chestnuts will have early children.
有些地区的人家在吃饺子的一同,还要配些副食以示吉祥。如吃豆腐,标志全家美好;吃柿饼,标志事事满意;吃三鲜菜,标志三阳开泰。台湾人吃鱼团、肉团和发菜,标志团圆发财。
Some people in some areas eat dumplings together, but also with some non-staple food to show good luck. If you eat tofu, it means the whole family is happy; if you eat persimmon, it means everything is satisfied; if you eat three fresh vegetables, it means Sanyang Kaitai. Taiwanese eat fish balls, meatballs and hairdressing, which symbolize reunion and wealth.
饺子因所包的馅和制作方法不同而种类繁多。即使同是一种水饺,亦有不同的吃法:内蒙古和黑龙江的达斡尔人要把饺子放在粉丝肉汤中煮,然后连汤带饺子一同吃。河南的一些地区将饺子和面条放在一同煮,名日\"金线穿元宝\"。
There are many kinds of dumplings because of different filling and making methods. Even if it's the same kind of dumpling, there are different ways to eat it: Daur people in Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang want to boil the dumplings in vermicelli broth, and then eat the dumplings with the soup. In some areas of Henan Province, dumplings and noodles are cooked together. It's famous as "gold thread goes through Yuanbao".
饺子这一节日好菜在给人们带来年节欢喜的一同,已成为我国饮食文化的一个重要组成部分。
Jiaozi, a good dish in the festival, has become an important part of Chinese food culture.
以上是关于水饺由来和演变历史的介绍,由济南汤包肉馅配送分享,想要了解更多关于饺子的做法,请点击官网。
The above is an introduction to the origin and evolution of dumplings. They are distributed and shared by Jinan dumpling and meat stuffing. To learn more about dumplings, please click the official website.
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